Energy Security Stress Tests

StreeTest2014The European Commission’s Stress Test Communication analyses the resilience of the EU energy system to a potential crisis in the coming months. The communication is based on stress tests carried out by 38 European countries, including EU countries, which simulate two disruption scenarios:

  • a complete halt of Russian gas imports to the EU
  • a disruption of Russian gas imports through the Ukrainian transit route for a period of one or six months.

The tests show that a prolonged supply disruption would have a substantial impact on the EU. Particularly affected would be Eastern EU countries and Energy Community countries. If all countries cooperate with each other however, protected consumers would remain supplied even in the event of a six month gas disruption.

Based on the analysis of the stress tests, a number of short term measures can help ensure secure supplies and a better functioning internal energy market. Specifically:

  • countries should follow a market-based approach and avoid interventionist measures
  • countries should increase energy coordination with each other including through the maximisation of interconnector capacity and removal of restrictions to cross-border energy trade
  • responsibility should be shared between public authorities and industry through the implementation of the EU’s Security of Gas Regulation
  • short-term behavioural changes should be enacted to boost energy efficiency and lower demand
  • the EU’s Gas Coordination Group should continuously monitor developments in the gas supply.

The Stress Test Communication represents the first short-term energy security measure prescribed by the European Energy Security Strategy that was adopted on 28 May 2014. The recommendations in the Communication will accompany other measures from the Strategy designed to improve the EU’s security of supply.

Today, the EU imports 53% of the energy it consumes including 66% of its natural gas. Around half of the EU’s primary energy consumption is spent on heating.

To learn more about this, or find more information on the Energy Security Stress Tests, see:!vC47pg

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